Little can be known about plato's early life and education due to the very limited accounts the philosopher came from one of the wealthiest and most politically active families in athens. Plato's philosophical views had many societal and political implications, especially on the idea of an ideal state or government (much influenced by the model of the severe society of sparta), although there is some discrepancy between his early and later views on political philosophy.
Plato’s politics, like everything else about plato’s thought, follow from his epistemology he writes about an independently existing world of forms that is the only proper object of human cognition. Ancient democracy is the absolute, direct, immediate democracy in which the community of citizens exercises political power by itself for plato, politics is the power of command and government to obtain what is in the interest of everyone he considers that jurisprudence, rhetoric and the art of war are auxiliary sciences. Plato’s achievement as a political philosopher may be seen in that he believed that there could be a body of knowledge whose attainment would make it possible to heal political problems, such as factionalism and the corruption of morals, which can bring a city to a decline. Political power, or the rulers of our cities, by the grace of god, learn true philosophy (ep 7, 326a-b) the implications of the union of philosophy and political power are pursued in his most celebrated work, the republic there is great controversy about the interpretation of plato's political philosophy and numerous unresolved issues.
The stark consequence of plato’s political philosophy here becomes apparent he had, the treatise is thus, in modern terms, a mixture of political philosophy and political science (see also aristotelianism) aristotle aristotle, marble portrait bust, roman copy this view of human nature,. A guide to plato's political theory, including the republic, the theory of forms or ideas and the cave analogy also, a bibliography and biography. His political views could be seen today as being democratic what were plato's thoughts on the individual - his city is based on the 4 virtues of wisdom, courage, moderation and justice.
For centuries, classical education assigned plato's works as required reading, and the republic was the premier work on political theory until the 19th century, admired not only for its views, but also for its elegant prose. Perhaps, too, the republic and statesman appear to disagree only because plato has different criteria in view or perhaps he just changed his mind or perhaps he just changed his mind the ideal city of the laws , which plato probably wrote shortly after the statesman , accords a greater political role for unwise citizens than the republic does (see plato: on utopia . To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of politics is to first examine each theory in depth plato is regarded by many experts as the first writer of political philosophy, and aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist. Plato's political philosophy plato is generally viewed as one of the greatest and most influential philosophers in the western tradition his political philosophy is held in similarly high regard, and is the earliest. Recommended translation: plato: protagoras and meno, trans robert c bartlett (cornell, 2004) from the publisher: this volume contains new translations of two dialogues of plato, the protagoras and the meno, together with explanatory notes and substantial interpretive essays robert c bartlett’s translations are as literal as is compatible with sound english style and take into account important textual variations.
Wallach 2001 views plato’s teaching on the political art as a response to the political art plato witnessed practiced in athens and asks readers to consider the ways in which socrates could be a problem and a hero in the works of plato.
However, in plato’s view, philosopher-rulers do not derive their authority solely from their expert knowledge, but also from their love of the city as a whole and their impartiality and fairness their political authority is not only rational but also substantially moral, based on the consent of the governed.