Haiti has a complex, rich, fascinating, and tumultuous culture and history with stories of resistance, revolt, and instability but one of the fundamental aspects of haiti is its resilience in spite of slavery, multiple coups, various occupations, and militarization, haiti continuously fights to remain strong. Hispaniola, spanish la española, second largest island of the west indies, lying within the greater antilles, in the caribbean sea it is divided politically into the republic of haiti (west) and the dominican republic (east.
The recorded written history of haiti began on 5 december 1492 when the european navigator christopher columbus happened upon a large island in the region of the western atlantic ocean that later came to be known as the caribbean.
The island of hispaniola, the second largest island in the caribbean, contains two separate countries: the dominican republic and haiti columbus claimed hispaniola in 1492, and it later became the major launching base for the spanish conquest of the caribbean, as well as the american mainland. Short and oversimplified history of haiti bob corbett august 1999 basic data and geography haiti is a country on the island of hispaniola in the caribbean sea. But the island was now divided and a defining characteristic, the geographic one, was fixed for modern day haiti the french colonial period from the official birth of the colony of san domingue (1697) for just over 100 years, the french colony waxed and became one of the richest colonies in the history of the world.
Early history haiti has a uniquely tragic history natural disasters, poverty, racial discord, and political instability have plagued the small country throughout its history before the arrival of europeans, arawak (also known as taino) and carib indians inhabited the island of hispaniola. The island of hispaniola (la isla española), which today is occupied by the nations of haiti and the dominican republic, was one of several landfalls christopher columbus made during his first voyage to the new world in 1492. Short and oversimplified history of haiti bob corbett august 1999 basic data and geography haiti is a country on the island of hispaniola in the caribbean sea hispaniola has two countries haiti makes up roughly the western 1/3 of the island the dominican republic makes up the eastern 2/3 of the island.
Haiti and the dominican republic: one island, two worlds they might share an island, but the dominican republic and haiti couldn't be more different while the former is a popular tourist destinations in the caribbean, haiti is one of the poorest countries in the world.
A brief history of haiti by tim lambert colonial haiti haiti forms part of the island of hispaniola before the europeans arrived a people called the arawaks lived there.
Haiti (/ ˈ h eɪ t i / ( listen) french: haïti haitian creole: ayiti), officially the republic of haiti (french: république d'haïti haitian creole: repiblik ayiti) and formerly called hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of hispaniola in the greater antilles archipelago of the caribbean sea. History of haiti the island of hispaniola, which is home to the countries of haiti and the dominican republic, was originally inhabited by the arawak indians christopher columbus claimed the island for spain in 1492 he established the first spanish settlement in the americas near the site of cap-haïtian. Haiti, like the united states, is the product of revolution for three centuries, under both spanish and french colonial rule, haiti was devoted to sugar production—a practice that not only wildly enriched the colony’s land-owning upper class, but also led to the importation of hundreds of thousands of slaves.